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  • 您的位置:匯站范文網 > 優秀作文 > 作文選 > 2020-2021學年高一英語外研版... 正文 2021-04-20 12:20:09

    2020-2021學年高一英語外研版(2020)選擇性必修第一冊Unit3Faster,higher,strongerSectionⅢGrammar導學講義

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    Section Ⅲ Grammar (動名詞作主語) 單句填空 1.(教材P26)Knowing(know) where the ball would go wasn't easy. 2.(教材P26)Shooting(shoot) with great accuracy was another thing he learnt. 3.(教材P26)In this way, practising(practise)day in and day out helped Stephen sharpen his skills. 4.(教材P26)Playing(play) basketball was his dream. 5.(教材P29)Wearing(wear) the latest equipment,such as smart earphones,allows people to get the best out of their training. 動名詞作主語往往表示經常性、習慣性的動作或狀態。

    Watching news on TV has become a routine for me.(經常性、習慣性的動作) 看電視新聞已成為我日常生活的一部分。

    Talking is easier than doing.(狀態) 說起來容易做起來難。

    一、動名詞作主語的幾種情況 1.動名詞直接置于句首。

    Working in the conditions is not a pleasure but a pain. 在這樣的條件下工作不是一件愉快的事而是一件痛苦的事。

    2.v.-ing形式作主語,有時可以后置,用it作形式主語。

    It is no use crying over spilt milk.覆水難收。

    It is a waste of time persuading such a person to join us. 勸說這樣的人加入我們真是浪費時間。

    3.There be 結構中作主語。

    There is no saying when he'll come. 很難說他何時回來。

    There is no telling how many miles you will have to run while chasing a dream. 在追逐夢想的過程中,你不知道要跑多少英里。

    4.動名詞的復合結構作主語。

    當動名詞有自己的邏輯主語時,??梢栽谇懊婕由纤懈衩~或物主代詞,構成動名詞的復合結構。動名詞的復合結構也可以在句中作主語。如: Their coming to help was a great encouragement to us. 他們的到來及給予幫助,對我們來說是很大的鼓舞。

    二、動名詞作主語,謂語動詞的形式 動名詞(短語)作主語,謂語動詞用單數形式。

    Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes. 看電視太多對你的眼睛有害處。

    Making noise in class is impolite. 在課堂上制造噪音是不禮貌的。

    三、動名詞作主語與動詞不定式作主語的區別 動詞不定式和動名詞都可以用作主語,在意義上相近,但動名詞多用來表示泛指或抽象動作,不定式多用來表示特指或具體動作。動名詞表示已知的事情或經驗,不定式通常表示未完成的事情或未達成的目的。

    Smoking is not good for health.吸煙不利于健康。

    It is not good for you to smoke so much.吸煙太多對你沒有好處。

    誤區警示 用不定式作主語的常見情況: 1)It is necessary/important/impossible/difficult...(for sb.) to do sth. 句型 It is necessary for us to master a foreign language.我們有必要掌握一門外語。

    2)It is kind/foolish/clever/stupid/nice/rude/careless/friendly...(of sb.) to do sth. 句型 It is very kind of you to help us.你幫助我們真是太好了。

    3)It takes sb. sth. to do sth.句型 It took me two hours to finish the work.我完成那項工作用了兩小時。

    4)不定式和when/where/how/what/whether等連用,在句子中作主語。

    How to solve the problem is still being discussed.怎樣解決這個問題仍在討論中。

    Where to put the box seems hard to decide.看上去很難決定把這個箱子放在什么地方。

    Ⅰ.單句填空 1.(2019天津)Learning(learn)to think critically is an important skill today's children will need for the future. 2.(2020浙江1月高考改編)But using(use) cheese brine could help both cheese producers and cities save money. 3.(2020江蘇高考改編)Building such a bridge over the bay was(be) a hard nut to crack, but the local government made it within two years. 4.Determining where we are in relation to our surroundings remains(remain) an essential skill for our survival. 5.(2018北京)Traveling(travel) along the old Silk Road is an interesting and rewarding experience. 6.(2018天津)It took him a long time to acquire(acquire) the skills he needed to become a good dancer.? 7.Having(have)a trip there will give you a good understanding of Chinese culture. 8.An art show will be held next week, and protecting(protect) the environment is the theme of the show. 9.It is essential to take(take) a useful summer vacation after the exam.? 10.There is no sense persuading(persuade) him any longer. Once he has made up his mind, nothing can change it. Ⅱ.語法與主題寫作 1.寫作要點   根據本單元語法知識和主題知識補全句子。

    ①湯姆小時候夢想成為一名足球明星。

    Being a football star was Tom's dream when he was a child.? ②空閑時間他一定會踢足球。

    Playing football was a must in his spare time.? ③多數人認為,沒有很好的足球天賦對他來說是最大的挑戰。

    Most people believed that not having a very good talent for playing football was the biggest challenge for him.? ④湯姆認為堅持練習遲早會使他成功的。

    Tom thought that carrying on practising could surely make him successful sooner or later. ? ⑤他的付出得到了回報,他的夢想實現了。

    His making efforts paid off and his dream came true.? 2.串句成文   將以上句子連成一篇語言流暢、用詞準確、邏輯嚴密的短文。

    Being a football star was Tom's dream when he was a child. So playing football was a must in his spare time. However, most people believed that not having a very good talent for playing football was the biggest challenge for him. Despite this, Tom thought that carrying on practising could surely make him successful sooner or later. Finally, his making efforts paid off and his dream came true.?

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